Why do we need it?

To make sure that people who have a disability are treated fairly and equally.

  • Every citizen must obey the conditions of the Act.
  • It also aims to secure the full and effective participation and inclusion of PWDs, in the society.
  • The passing of this legislation is in keeping with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of PWDs (CRPD) which Jamaica has signed and agreed to.
The main objectives of the Disabilities Act are to:
  • Encourage all Jamaicans to recognise and accept the principle that PWDs have the same fundamental rights as any other person
  • Promote individual dignity, freedom of choice and independence, of PWDs
  • Make sure that PWDs are able to take part effectively and are included on an equal basis with others in all aspects of national life
  • Prevent or prohibit discrimination against PWDs
  • Promote acceptance of PWDs and respect for their differences as human beings.
The following key areas are highlighted in the Disabilities Act 2014:
  • The Provision of a Disability Certificate
  • The Right to Education & Training
  • The Right to Employment
  • The Right to Adequate Healthcare and Accessible Facilities
  • The Right to Housing and to enter Premises
  • The Work of the New Jamaica Council for PWDs
  • and the Disability Tribunal
  • The Right to Access Public Passenger Vehicles
  • The Right to Participate in Public Office and Political Life

Click to view the Act

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The purpose of the present Convention is to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.

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Protecting the Rights of Pwds

How the Tribunal Works

This is the body that has been put in place to settle claims of discrimination. A judge, who is the Chairman of the Tribunal, will hear these
claims and decide the case either for the PwD (the aggrieved), or the person who the claim is being brought against (the respondent). The decision by the judge will be based on the rights of both parties as stated in the Act. The role of The Jamaica Council for Persons with Disabilities Under the Act. The Council has several important roles in championing the rights of PwDs.

  • Advisory – to advise both Government and the disabilities sector about issues on disabilities.
  • Advocacy – to champion the rights of PwDs
  • To maintain a Confidential Register of PwDs . This helps to make planning for and mobilizing PwDs more effective
  • Public Awareness & Education
  • To conduct Research
  • To Monitor the Implementation of the Act by:Disability Audits
    – for example inspectionof Buildings for physical access
    - investigation of complaints
  • To Provide Legal Assistance to PwDs for Tribunal issues

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol

Click to view Convention onthe Rights of Personswith Disabilities andOptional Protocol

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